Nov 11

Wellington Quarry and WW1 Battle of Arras

by in Blog trip, Europe, History

Entering the ancient quarry, at first it was almost impossible to imagine what it must have been like in April 2017, when 24,000 British soldiers prepared to emerge into the midst of enemy lines in what was to become one of most renowned surprise attacks during World War 1. Wellington Quarry (La Carrière Wellington) is housed in a contemporary museum in Arras. The Memorial Wall names the many Commonwealth troops that lost men during the Battle of Arras. A row of rather forlorn poppy wreaths rested against it, including one from Canada, a reminder of their key role in WW1.

Memorial Wall at Wellington Quarry, Arras, Northern France

Wellington Quarry Memorial Wall

Having had a look round the foyer exhibition of posters and an art installation of plaster sculptures vaguely reminiscent of the tortured figures at Pompeii, we given helmets and headsets and got into a lift to go 20 meters underground .

Wellington Quarry artwork

Wellington Quarry artworks

Well-lit with a circular map outlining the battlelines, listening to our guide explaining historic facts and military strategy, I had  a feeling of being on a school trip to a rather dry War Museum.  Of course, I was supposed to be moved by the enormity of it all but to be honest, I was feeling rather detached.

Wellington Quarry Arras WW1 map - northern France

Arras WW1 map

I was on a weekend trip to explore some of the WW1 sites in northern France. The previous day we had been walking in the footsteps of WW1 poet  Wilfred Owen from visually inspirational La Maison Forestiere through birdsong woods and fields to his grave at nearby Ors. That had been a very emotional day and I was wondering what impact this visit could have. Because that’s the thing about these war sites – there is a weird expectation that we must/will/should be moved and a strange fear that we might not be.

However, as we went deeper into Wellington Quarry the enormity of this major engineering feat and the men who achieved it, began to sink in. “From the arrival of the British in the Arras sector in March 1916, New Zealand Tunneling Companies [helped by ‘Bantams’ from the mining towns of Northern England] dug a network of tunnels in the ground underneath the Ronville and Saint-Saveur districts of Arras. They dug new tunnels and rooms and joined them up with the existing ancient tunnels and quarries or pits already under the city, quarried out hundreds of years before. The tunnels were fitted with running water and electricity supplies. Accommodation in the underground city was available for the soldiers to live and sleep in, and there was a large hospital for treating the wounded in a labyrinth of rooms with enough space to fit 700 beds and operating theatres … Signposted names and numbers were given to the tunnels and rooms underground. The New Zealanders based in this particular system named the place Wellington, after the capital city of New Zealand.” 

Waitomo tunnel, Wellington Quarry - Arras, France

Waitomo tunnel

Projected onto the uneven walls, black and white photos flickered and through our headsets we heard stories of the destruction of Arras and the occupation by British Forces, the only part of France to be under British governance during the war. Its strategic position on the Western Front, bang in the middle of warring on both sides meant 3/4 of the city was destroyed.

Arras WW1 destruction

Arras – WW1 destruction

One photo made us all smile. Looking like the archetypal Englishman, an officer smoking a pipe is stroking a kitten. It’s a charming scene – and then you see that the kitten appears to be sitting on top of a bomb …

WW1 British officer and kitten, Wellington Quarry - Arras, France

British officer and kitten

In the lead up to their emergence into the German battle ground, about 24,ooo men were billeted here for 8 days. What must they have been thinking during that tense time? Even playing cards, writing letters home, cleaning kit, cooking and preparing weapons can surely not have kept fear at bay. Yet the true horror of this ‘Great War’ was not fully realised at the time and they were hopefully feeling positive about victory.

Soldiers - Wellington Quarry soldiers Arras

Soldiers – Wellington Quarry soldiers Arras

An extract from a soldier’s journal was very poignant listening as was the sight of everyday objects, including tin plates and jugs alongisde a pair of big boots lying beneath a rickety looking bunk-bed. Gradually the claustrophobic atmosphere made itself felt. A plain table and cross showed where they may have prayed before the ‘push’. A wreath of poppies in honour of the Suffolk Regiment had been left by recent visitors from the UK who come here in huge numbers to learn more about this significant moment in history.

Poppy wreath Suffolk Regiment in Wellington Quarry, Arras France - image Zoe Dawes

In memory of the Suffolk Regiment

Finally we reached the shallow steps that took these soldiers out of the labyrinth. In silence we gazed up towards a blocked off wall and tried to imagine what they must have felt prior to the explosion that thrust them into midst of an enemy taken completely unawares by this ingenious attack. Impossible …

The 1917 Battle of Arras took place between 9th April and 16th May. After initial success for British troops due to the element of surprise it became a bloody disaster.  There were almost 160,000 British and about 125,000 German casualties. And it’s this knowledge that makes a visit to the Wellington Quarry such a memorable and thought-provoking experience.

Soldier - Wellington Quarry

Soldier – Wellington Quarry

I travelled to France as a guest of Nord-Pas de Calais Tourism. We stayed at the charming Hotel d’Angleterre in the centre of Arras, in front of which stands an impressive war memorial to the many who died in two World Wars. 

Arras War Memorial - France

Arras War Memorial in front of the Hotel d’Angleterre

The war damage has been repaired and the main squares are masterpieces of restoration. With a splendid Belfry, surrounded by Flemish Baroque townhouses with arcades of restaurants and cafes, it’s difficult to imagine that beneath the city lies a huge complex that so sensitively commemorates the brave soldiers who passed this way.

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13 Responses to “Wellington Quarry and WW1 Battle of Arras”

  1. From Zoë Dawes:

    At this time of remembrance and the centenary of WW1, visiting these historic sites is a truly effective way for those of us who have had no experience of war, to get some inkling of what that dreadful period of our history must have been like. I found this visit incredibly affecting.

    Posted on November 11, 2014 at 2:55 pm #
  2. From John MacBeath:

    It must have been an amazing engineering feat. Bet it was very cramped working in those conditions. But what a waste of young lives in that awful war.

    Posted on November 17, 2014 at 7:34 pm #
  3. From Zoë Dawes:

    It was very impressive John but yes, the loss of life on both sides was dreadful and so often just for the sake of a few hundred yards of land. This trip made WW1 a bit more graspable and was really compelling.

    Posted on November 17, 2014 at 8:44 pm #
  4. From Mary @ Green Global Travel:

    Wow, this is impressive in many ways. Very interesting to visit history like this.

    Posted on November 19, 2014 at 3:14 am #
  5. From Zoë Dawes:

    Yes, Mary it’s a great way to have it brought to life, but as ever, can only give a little glimpse of what the reality mush have been like. Arras is a lovely town now and the scars of war are barely visible.

    Posted on November 19, 2014 at 11:10 am #
  6. From Mark:

    More people should visit places like this to learn more about what happened in WW1. You only have to dig a bit into the history and I still can’t begin to imagine what it must of been like. I found this post very moving

    Posted on November 26, 2014 at 9:16 pm #
  7. From Turtle:

    I’ve been really enjoying reading stories this year in connection with the centenary of WWI. I hadn’t heard much about Wellington Quarry so this is quite interesting. I can’t even imagine what it was like for the men back then in these situations!

    Posted on December 1, 2014 at 12:37 pm #
  8. From Tamworth Blogger:

    This post shows history in a great way. people should appreciate more what these people have done to save their country 🙂 Very nice post, shows that still are people that remember

    Posted on December 1, 2014 at 4:28 pm #
  9. From Zoë Dawes:

    Yes, it is important we don’t forget the huge loss of life but also incredible feats of engineering and accomplishment during that awful war.

    Posted on December 2, 2014 at 12:40 pm #
  10. From Zoë Dawes:

    Thanks for your commment Michael. It’s only when you are actually in the tunnels that you begin to relasie what it must have been like – but we were a small group and they were thousands … Incredible accomplishment.

    Posted on December 2, 2014 at 12:42 pm #
  11. From David Vercoe - Rogers:

    Today is a time to remember my Grandfather Lieutenant John Vercoe-Rogers whilst serving with the 78 Bn.Winnipeg Grenadiers Manatoba of the Canadian Expedtionary Force was Killed in Action, 27 September 1918 . Whilst clearing the enemy from Bourlon Wood towards the Canal du Nord, Nintey Seven years ago today. Buried at Quary Wood Cemetry.
    I belive this is where the Battalion Headquarters were not seen it yet . RIP Grandfather from Grandson David Vercoe-Rogers R.E. and GreatGrand children

    Posted on September 27, 2015 at 6:25 pm #
  12. From Zoe Dawes:

    Thank you so much for sharing this David and I do hope you get to see where your Grandfather is buried.

    Posted on September 27, 2015 at 7:26 pm #

Trackbacks/Pingbacks

  1. To France in search of Wilfred Owen | The Quirky Traveller Blog - November 11, 2014

    […] weekend with the Nord-Pas de Calais Tourist Board. We stayed in the Hotel d’Angleterre in the historic city of Arras. For more information on the Maison Forestière in Ors click here to download the Wilfred Owen […]

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